Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback)

Throughout the twentieth century, beauty shops have been places where women could enjoy the company of other women, exchange information, and share secrets. The female equivalent of barbershops, they have been institutions vital to community formation and social change.
But while the beauty shop created community, it also reflected the racial segregation that has so profoundly shaped American society. Links between style, race, and identity were so intertwined that for much of the beauty shop's history, black and white hairdressing industries were largely separate entities with separate concerns. While African American hair-care workers embraced the chance to be independent from white control, negotiated the meanings of hair straightening, and joined in larger political struggles that challenged Jim Crow, white female hairdressers were embroiled in struggles over self-definition and opposition to their industry's emphasis on male achievement. Yet despite their differences, black and white hairdressers shared common stakes as battles were waged over issues of work, skill, and professionalism unique to women's service work.
Permanent Waves traces the development of the American beauty shop, from its largely separate racial origins, through white recognition of the "ethnic market," to the present day.



Number of Pages: 262
Genre: History
Sub-Genre: United States
Format: Paperback
Publisher: New York University Press
Age Range: Adult
Book theme: 20th Century
Author: Julie Ann Willett
Language: English
Permanent Waves  by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback)

About Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback)

Throughout the twentieth century, beauty shops have been places where women could enjoy the company of other women, exchange information, and share secrets. The female equivalent of barbershops, they have been institutions vital to community formation and social change.
But while the beauty shop created community, it also reflected the racial segregation that has so profoundly shaped American society. Links between style, race, and identity were so intertwined that for much of the beauty shop's history, black and white hairdressing industries were largely separate entities with separate concerns. While African American hair-care workers embraced the chance to be independent from white control, negotiated the meanings of hair straightening, and joined in larger political struggles that challenged Jim Crow, white female hairdressers were embroiled in struggles over self-definition and opposition to their industry's emphasis on male achievement. Yet despite their differences, black and white hairdressers shared common stakes as battles were waged over issues of work, skill, and professionalism unique to women's service work.
Permanent Waves traces the development of the American beauty shop, from its largely separate racial origins, through white recognition of the "ethnic market," to the present day.



Number of Pages: 262
Genre: History
Sub-Genre: United States
Format: Paperback
Publisher: New York University Press
Age Range: Adult
Book theme: 20th Century
Author: Julie Ann Willett
Language: English

Reviews & Ratings
4.5
1 reviews
Open in Grate App for detailed reviews and ratings.

Related Products

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: How can I replace Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback)?
Answer: Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback) can be potentially replaced with Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback), Legendary Ladies 50 Goddesses to Empower & Inspire You (Goddess Women Throughout History to Inspire, Difficult Loves by Italo Calvino (Paperback), Storm Surfer (Stone Arch Realistic Fiction) by Jake Maddox (Paperback), Clairol Nice'n Easy Permanent Hair Color, Clairol Nice'n Easy Permanent Hair Color, Migrating to Aws A Manager's Guide by Jeff Armstrong (Paperback), Date Right by Moboni Lewis (Paperback), Splat Pure Sapphire Hair Color Kit, Semi Permanent Teal Blue Hair Dye and Bittersweet by Shauna Niequist (Paperback).

Question: What are the features of Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback)?
Answer: Some of the key attributes of Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback) includes Tcom Books 1.

Question: Should I buy Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback)?
Answer: While Grate cannot tell what to buy or what not - the average feedback about Permanent Waves by Julie Ann Willett (Paperback) is undefined out of 5 based on undefined reviews.

Important

While every care has been taken to ensure product information is correct, food products are constantly being reformulated, so ingredients, nutrition content, dietary and allergens may change. You should always read the product label and not rely solely on the information provided on the website.
Although product information is regularly updated, Grate websites and applications are unable to accept liability for any incorrect information.

This information is supplied for personal use only, and may not be reproduced in any way without the prior consent of Grate.app nor without due acknowledgement.

Grate.App. © Copyright 2020.